eflect and rethink
Sophisticated understanding requires that students
constantly use and rethink their concepts, points of
view, and theories.
Rethinking as a design element causes students after
developing their initial idea, explanation, concept, or
theory, to encounter and make sense of
related but dissimilar experiences.
Shifts in perspective (different people’s views, books,
theories, and events).
Weird facts, anomalies, or surprises.