Illiterate because of
age, stage of development or developmental
May understand that a term, question or topic is
related to a discipline but knows little else about it. Cognitive psychologists
call this illiteracy.
- Identifies terms as
belonging to the discipline
- Has naive
- Shows minimal
Can use vocabultary ofa discipline, but only
within a specific context, such as defining a term on a test, reading a
newspaper, or listening to a television program.
- Uses vocabulary of the
- Defines terms
- Memorizes special
- Understands only a specific
need or activity
Concentual and Procedural
Understands how the concepts of a discipline relate to
the discipline as a whole and to the methods and processes of inquiry .
- Understands conceptual schemes of the
- Understands procedural knowledge and
skills of the discipline
- Understands relationships among parts
and whole of the discipline
Recognizes the importance of integral, contextual
perspectives. Includes the philosophical, historical, and social dimensions of
a discipline; develops an understanding and appreciation for a discipline as a
cultural enterprise, makes connections among disciplines and between a
discipline and larger social problems and aspirations.
- Understands the place of the
discipline among other disciplines
- Knows the history of the
- Knows the nature of the
- Understands the interactions between
the discipline and society
Adapted from Achieving Scientific
Literacy. Roger Bybee.
Copyright © 1997-2003
Career Connection to Teaching with Technology
USDOE Technology Innovation Challenge Grant
Marshall Ransom, Project Manager
All rights reserved.